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Course Contents

0347010 State Formation

The course examines the formation of the modern state from the perspectives of historical sociology and political sociology. Various aspects of the institutional structure of the modern state, such as security, social security, economic institutions, and ideological apparatuses, are analysed with regard to their interaction with the social relations of power, and their configurations in different historical and social contexts. In this respect, the first part of the course will focus on the basic explanatory studies about the formation and development of the modern state, especially in Europe, while the second part will address the formation and reformation of the different faces of the modern state in the Ottoman and Turkish Republican history.                 

0347020 Power and Law

This course will question the relationship between the political order and the legal order, based on the question “what is the source of law?”. The main objective of the course is to present the building stones of a “theory of the democratic state governed by the rule of law”. Within this framework, the course will first focus on the way law is constructed in political units organized under a state structure, that is to say the modern societies. After that, the law will be defined within the framework of a concept of power that would apply to all types of social organization. Finally, returning back to the construction of the modern state, the course will discuss how the concept of “human rights” can be placed within the idea of law in a theoretically consistent way.            

0347030 Turkish Foreign Policy Analyses

The course covers the following topics: traditional tendencies in Turkish Foreign Policy; priorities of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Interwar Era; Turkey and the Second World War; Cold War and change in Turkish Foreign Policy; Impacts of Détente on Turkish Foreign Policy; search for multi-dimensionalism in Turkish Foreign Policy; new priorities of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War era; and the quest for new approaches in Turkey’s national security policies.    

0347040 Middle East in the Post-Cold War Era

The focus of this course will be the question of how changes at the global level modify and transform the countries in the Middle East at the regional level. In this respect, the topics to be examined include:

1)      Developments in the Middle East reflecting the interests of the global actors (the USA, China, India) and the limits of regionalism.

2)      Middle East Policies of the US and the Emergence of a Power Vacuum:

a) The Iraq Operation and the changing balances in the Middle East (a discussion on the basis of identity, security and system)

3)      Changing balances of power in the region in a general perspective:

a) The increasing influence of Iran and its efforts to become a nuclear power b) the increasing security concerns of the Gulf countries and Iran c) the identity crisis shaped by the Shia-Sunni conflict in the region, and the rapprochement between Israel and the Sunni regimes.

4)      Reshaped policies of Turkey in the Middle East:

a) Power vacuum in Iraq and Turkey’s struggle with the PKK b) Turkey’s Rapprochement with Iran and Syria c) taking Turkey’s rapprochement with the Gulf countries as a case study to understand Turkey’s multi-dimensional foreign policy d) the prospects of Turkey’s good neighbourhood relationships formed on an anti-Israel basis e) discussing the limits of Turkey’s potential to be a mediating, facilitating and stabilizing country.             

 0347050 The Human Being in a Globalizing World

The aim of this course is to discuss the effects of different phases of globalization on the human character and behaviour. Students are expected to go through a detailed reading of the relevant literature, determine a sub-issue and present that issue in the classroom. The course also aims to encourage the doctoral students to develop their presentations into an academic article.    

0347060 Citizen, Civil Society and State

The course examines the sociological dimensions of the state-citizen relationship. The topics to be covered include: The evolution of the concept of citizenship; the social foundations of democracy; citizenship, identity, and belonging, civil society-state and civil society-citizen relations.          

0347070 Theories of Nationalism

The course covers the wide spectrum of theories of nationalism, from the patrimonial approaches claiming that nationalism is ahistorical to the modern approaches claiming that nationalism is a product/necessity of the capitalist world order and modernity. Throughout the course, the historical development of nationalism phenomenon will be examined with regard to nationalisms in different geographies and with various characteristics, in order to test the compatibility of these examples with the theories in the literature.  

0347080 Historiography in Turkey

The course will revolve around a series of topics, including the dominant approaches in historiography, the history of historiography in Turkey, and the problematique of why history is written in the way it is, and how it ought to be written.

0347090 Modern History of the Balkans

This course will focus on the political history of the Balkans starting with the end of the 18th Century. The issues that will be examined during the course are: the Serbian Uprising, the Greek Uprising, the Principalities of Wallacia (Eflak) and Moldovia (Bo─čdan), Tanzimat and the Non-Muslims, the Foundation of the Bulgarian Exarchate, the War of 93 and the Foundation of Independent Balkan States, the Macedonia Question, the Albania Question, Balkans in the World War I, Balkans in the Interwar Era, Balkans in the World War II, the Cold War Period, and the Balkans since the Collapse of Socialism.      

0347100 Democracy, Nationalism and Minorities

The course covers the following topics: the emergence of nationalism; the emergence of minorities (the definition of minority, types of minorities, the origins of minorities; diaspora); minorities as an internal security problem in the late nation-states; the international protection of minorities (developments in the post-WW I era - the League of Nations period - developments in the post-WW II period - the UN and the European Council etc.- globalization - OSCE, the EU, etc.); Turkey and the minorities, the Ottoman period (the Millet system, minorities in the Ottoman Treaties); the Republican period (the Treaty of Lausanne, non-Muslim minorities, Muslim minorities).      

0347120 Caucasian Studies

The Caucasus went through drastic political, economic and social transformations at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th Centuries. Coinciding with the collapse of a multi-national empire, the developments of this period are also illuminating for understanding the developments of the post-Soviet era. In this course, the relevant literature on the ethnic, religious, political, and cultural characteristics of the region will be introduced to the PhD candidates, with the aim of offering new perspectives through the examination of various theoretical approaches.

0347130 Migration Studies

Migration movements are multi-dimensional and complex movements of population, influenced by the international political and economic conjuncture, as well as internal social dynamics. In this course, the external migration movements will be examined mainly by taking into consideration the experience of Turkey. Regarding the external migration movements, Turkey has a very fascinating history. In this context, the course will first examine the population exchange, experienced in the first part of the last century, the workers’ migration experience in the 1960s, and the new type of population movements that have recently influenced Turkey. Theoretical approaches to migration and the impact of the external migration movements on the social and cultural life will also be examined under the light of the current field researches.        

0347140 History of Russia

This course focuses on the history of Russia, from the early period Russia to the collapse of the Soviet Union. The topics covered include the Early Period Russian History and the Problem of Waregs, the Period of Kiev Dukedom, the Mongolian Invasion and the Period of the Golden Orda Khanate, Ivan IV and the Rise of Moscow Dukedom, Ivan the Terrible and the Russian Tsardom, the Period of Peter the Great/Mad, the Period of Ekaterina II, Russian Politics in the 19th Century, Alexander II and the Period of Reforms, the Revolutions of 1905 and 1917, Soviets under Lenin, Soviets under Stalin, the Cold War and the USSR, and the Collapse of the USSR.             

0347150 Global Political Economy

The course examines the global political economy perspective as as a methodology towards understanding the world order and international relations. In this context, the international economy in particular, and the mechanisms of capitalism and their historical development in general, will be studied. The course is planned to have an inter-disciplinary structure, bringing together various disciplines, including political science, economics and sociology.     

0347170 Theories of Power and State

The course examines different theoretical studies on modern political power and state. Among these theoretical approaches, the three schools with greatest influence will be emphasized:  Marxist approaches that analyse the state in terms of its relations with capitalism and the classes; Weberian studies that focus primarily on the institutional structure of the state and the Foucauldian approaches that shift from the concept of state to the concept of governmentality. The objective of the course is to discuss both the variations within each theoretical school, and the continuities and discontinuities among them.           

0347180 Reconstruction of the Middle East

The course will focus on analyzing the economic and political reconstruction of the Middle East in the end of the 20th Century, on various levels. In this respect, the course will cover the following topics within a comprehensive framework: common policies based on neoliberalism; different experiences; democratization as a political project and opposition movements; the models of governance and good governance presented in terms of the reconstruction of the state; the redefinition of urban spaces; migration movements and gender policies will be evaluated in a holist frame.      

0347190 Crisis Management and Coercive Diplomacy in Turkish Foreign Policy

The course will cover case studies of crises in the history of Turkish foreign policy, with reference to conceptual debates on the concept and methods of crisis management. Within this framework, the processes of foreign policy decision-making and organizational cooperation will be analysed, and the crises that were solved by resorting to the threat of the use of force will be explained through the strategy of coercive diplomacy.       

0347200 Seminar on Comparative Politics

This course will focus on the method of comparative politics. The objective of the course is to provide a critical review of some major works that use the method of comparative politics, in the basic areas of the political science such as democracy, state, democratic institutions and identity.   

0347210 Seminar on Turkish Politics

Foundations of the Turkish politics will be examined in this course from an institutional and historical perspective. The topics covered will include the historical evolution of institutions, their current positions and changes in time in the roles of societal powers that affect the direction of political transformation.     

0347220 Seminar on Theories of International Relations

This course aims to comparatively evaluate the debates between different theoretical approaches developed since the W.W. I, and the different interpretations and solutions offered by these approaches with regard to the major issue of world politics. The first half of the course will focus on the main-stream theories, while the second half will deal mostly with critical theories.    

0347230 Seminar on Political Theory

This course aims to examine and interpret the classical texts that form the intellectual foundations of the contemporary theoretical debates in political science, and could help understand current political developments. Philosophers that are planned to be examined during the course include: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Arendt, Foucault, Rawls, and Habermas.       

0347240 Conceptual and Factual Reading and Research (3-0-3)

This course is conducted by one or more members of faculty of the Department of Political Science and International Relations. The objective is to help the students develop their independent reading and research skills, on a topic of their own choice.   

0347250 Seminar on The European Union

This course focuses on the domestic policies of the leading countries in Europe and the impacts of the European Union. The starting point of the course is the interaction of the local, national and supranational levels of politics. In this respect, different administrative levels and social actors will be discussed and the impacts of globalization, changes in the concept of the sovereignty of the state, and the European integration process will be examined. In accordance with the attitudes of the students, the topics to be covered in the course may include theories of democracy and democratization, the concept of democracy within the framework of European integration and Turkey’s accession process, the convergences and divergences of democratic systems, the democratic transitions in Eastern Europe, the problems and transformations of the democratic systems, the democratic deficit in the EU, local democracy, the role of the NGOs in the EU process, the role of the EU in Turkey’s democratization and the concept of the civil society.            

0347260 Seminar on Ph.D. Thesis

Seminar on the Ph.D. Thesis starts with various approaches to thesis research, and continues with debates on the methodologies the doctoral students are planning to use. Doctoral students are expected to write and present their theses proposals. The aim of this seminar is to establish a platform where the PhD candidates can make presentations, and discuss and exchange ideas about their theses and research methods.   

0347998  Ph.D. Thesis

The PhD Thesis course is offered every semester. Students are required to register to the course, after their thesis proposals are accepted, until they successfully defend their theses or are expelled from the program according to the resolutions of the related regulations. Students are considered successful in this course when their theses are accepted.

0347088 Seminar